Huangshan District, formerly Taiping County, was first founded in the Tianbao Rein of the Tang Dynasty ( 745 AD), became a county-level Huangshan City directly under provincial jurisdiction in December, 1983 and a county-level Huangshan District under Huangshan City in 1987. The district covers an area of 1,775 k㎡with 14 townships including 79 villages or neighborhood committees. Among the total population of 163,000, nearly 100,000 are migrants from other places of the country. The area is defined as a typical mountainous, reservoir and old revolutionary base area.
Beautiful landscape. There are 7 national 4A level and above tourism areas, the largest number of any county or district of the province, such as the world-famous Mount Huangshan and Taiping Lake, praised as the Girlfriend of Mount Huangshan, and over 30 high-grade scenic spots in this district. (Taiping Lake is the largest man-made lake and the only one subordinated to the ministry of Water Resources in the province, which is 60 km long from east to west, 6 km at most wide from north to south, with the average depth of 40 meters and the inmost depth of 70 meters, the water-storage capacity of 2.4 billion cu meters and the waterside area of 88.6 k㎡. The lake is now being strived to become the national 5A level tourism area). The district has been awarded a series of titles as Top 10 Tourism Districts in Anhui, Top 10 Counties of China County Tourism Brand, Top 10 Self-drive Trip Destinations of China, etc.
Multicultural. The Hui Culture, the Yellow Emperor Culture, Love Culture, Red Culture, Buddhist culture, the May Fourth Literature culture and the Poet Li Bai’s Traces culture, etc. all originated from here. It is said that the Yellow Emperor practiced Taoism and became an immortal here, the great poet Li Bai composed the famous lines here “When azaleas are blooming, Spring comes to an end; When I returned to Lingyang, it is late for me to go fishing.” The talented lady Su Xuelin, as famous as Bing Xin (Xie Wanying ) and Lin Huiyin (Phyllis Lin or Lin Whei-yin) during the May Fourth period, grew up and was buried here after death. The older generation of revolutionaries like Zhou Enlai, Yun Daiying, Fang Zhimin, Ye Ting, Chen Yi and Su Yu, etc. have ever fought here and written a glorious history.
Good ecological environment. The forest coverage reaches 79%, the urban green coverage 50.1%, the forest and green coverage 82%, the public green space per capita 15 ㎡, the high quality rate of atmospheric environment, the drinking water quality achieving rate in urban area and the surface water quality achieving rate in the environmental functional area all 100%. The content of negative oxygen ions in the air reaches 20,000 ions /cm3, the daily average PM2.5 concentration is 5 mcg /cm3. The district has been successively named one of the first Nationally Designated Eco-Demonstration Regions, the Nationally Designated Demonstration Areas of Soil and Water Conservation, the Nationally Designated Model Counties of afforestation, the National Garden-like Cities, the Top 10 Green Cities of China, the Hometowns of Bamboo and the Hometowns of Famous Teas in China.
Rich in natural products. The area is prolific in over 40 sorts of fresh-water fishes and over 50 sorts of native specialities, especially the most famous one is tea. Here is the only producing area of Taiping Houkui Tea, one of the top 10 most famous teas in China and the main producing area of Huangshan Maofeng Tea. Taiping Houkui Tea won a gold medal in the Panama–Pacific International Exposition (PPIE) in 1915. In 2007, the tea was chose as the national gift presented to Russian President Puttin by Hu Jintao, then the Chinese President. In 2015, it was presented to International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde as the Hometown Gift by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and chosen to exhibit at Milan World Expo as well. In recent years the tea was named as “the Most Influential Regional Public Brand of Chinese Agricultural Products”, “the Most Leading Brand in China ”, etc. The brands Houkeng and Liu Bai Li of Taiping Houkui Tea have been listed into China Famous Brands.
In recent years, under the leadership of Anhui Provincial and Huangshan Municipal CPC committees and governments, Huangshan District has been closely linking to the goal of building 3 Greens and 3 Fors (green habitat, green economy, green development; agreeable for enjoying, amiable for tourism, affable for business), implementing the strategy of “taking ecology as the foundation, developing tourism to invigorate the district, developing industry to make the district powerful and making use of the cultures to benefit the district” , upgrading 1 lake’s tourist services (Taiping Lake), improving the efficiency of 2 parks (the Industrial Park and the Demonstration Park of Modern Agriculture), expanding 3 industries (tea, bamboo and rural tourism), building 4 gates (south gate, east gate, north gate and west gate of Mount Huangshan). The economy and society of the district have been keep the steady and healthy development. In 2014, the GDP reached 7.344 billion RMB yuan, up by 6.8% over the previous year, the public revenue reached 1.038 billion yuan, up by 12.1%; the investment in fixed assets for the whole society was 8.446 billion yuan, up by 15%; the retail sales of consumer goods totaled 3.021 billion yuan, up by 12.7%; the average per capita disposable income reached 25,828 yuan for city dwellers, up by 8.3%; the average per capita net income of rural residents rose to 11,173 yuan, up by 12.72%.
A large number of investment projects have successively settled down in the district. After being listed as one of the second National Lake Ecological Environment Protection Projects in 2012, Taiping Lake was successfully listed as one of the top 15 National Lake Ecological Environment Protection Projects given key support by the central government in 2013. The total investment of the project will be 1.639 billion yuan including 0.58 billion yuan supported by the central government. By now 0.388 billion yuan has been granted. As one of the first 6 Modern Agricultural Demonstration Zones for Comprehensive Development of the province, Huangshan Modern Agricultural Demonstration Zone for Comprehensive Development has accomplished 0.799 billion yuan of investment in total since it started the construction in 2009. By now it is already beginning to take shape and has successfully become the state-level Modern Agricultural Demonstration Zone. Moreover, some tourist and holiday resorts and facilities have already been built. The contracted funds from some big group companies including Greenland Group, CITIC Group and Bank of China have reached 20 billion yuan and the actual used funds have totaled 6 billion yuan by now. A number of projects for tourist facilities such as Holiday Inn Crown Plazza Taiping Lake, Fengda International Hotspring Resort Huangshan and Cherry RV Campground, etc have been built and put into operations now.
Meanwhile the transportation, urban construction and other infrastructure are improving. The key transportation projects including Longmenling Tunnel and the road connecting to S322 have been completed and opened to traffic. Some urban infrastructure facilities such as Nanshan Park have been put into operations.
Construction of Beautiful Villages. On the basis of building a number of model villages of new rural construction of both provincial and municipal levels such as Zhuangli New Village, Feicui New Village and Taiping Fishing Village, in recent years some star villages of Beautiful Village Construction such as Meilandi Natural Village of Sankou Township, Fucheng Administrative Village and Xintian Natural Village of Tanjiaqiao Township have appeared. In 2013, Zhuangli and Houkeng Villages have been successively listed into the State-level Beautiful Villages. In 2014, the 7 key model villages have all passed the provincial-level review test of acceptance and won the title of “Anhui Provincial Advanced County or District for Construction of Beautiful Villages” and Houkeng Village was listed as the Top 10 Chinese Happiest Villages. In 2015, Shancha Village was named the Model Village of Rural Tourism, Zhuangli Village was named the Famous Chinese Village of Feature Tourism, Furong Villa and Taiping Fishing Village both were named the Gold Medal Farm Tourism in China.
Recreational tourism gradually combining with sports. The 3 traditional footpaths including Ruoling have been listed into Huizhou High-grade Routes of Traditional Footpaths and Cherry RV Campground and Donghuangshan Resort named the Sports Tourism Industrial Base of Anhui Province. The two villages Houkeng and Shancha have been listed into Top 300 Chinese Famous Villages. Taiping Lake has become the first National Wetland Park in the province. A number of state-level titles have been won, such as National Advanced District for Scientific and Technological Progress, National Demonstration Base for Underwood Planting, National Advanced District or County for Law Dissemination, National Demonstration Station for Old Age Service, National Advanced Unit for the Nationwide Fitness Campaign, etc. The CPC Huangshan District Committee won the title of National Advanced County or District CPC Committee in Maintaining the Progressiveness Activity and assigned a representative to attend the awarding meeting held in Beijing on behalf of all other counties or districts’ party committees of the province and get the chance to meet the former and present Presidents Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping。
Copyright: The People's Government of Huangshan District
Address:New Administration Area,Huangshan District,Huangshan City, Anhui, China
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